For many dog owners, using crates to train puppies just feels cruel. Their sad little puppy eyes begging for freedom is too much to bear! They only want to play, right? Well, puppies want to play alright – but while you’re asleep or out on errands they’ll “play” with your shoes. Puppies see curtains blowing in the wind, and suddenly they look a lot more like billowing playmates.
You can put your mind at ease because training puppies using crates is perfectly humane. In addition, crate training not only saves your shoes and curtains, but also teaches puppies two crucially important lessons: patience and boundaries.
Should You Crate Train Your Puppy?
Absolutely. In fact, The Association of Professional Dog Trainers recommends crate training to introduce safe socialization practices. On the surface, crates seem like small spaces for dogs to that protect your house. Sometimes, they even protect your guests from exuberant puppy play. However, they also provide a safe space for pups to retreat to when they feel overwhelmed.
Crate training is similar to a time-out for puppies. When a pup becomes rambunctious, pup parents use the crate not for punishment, but for calming down. Being removed from a situation for a small amount of time is monumentally important to teach pups when they are getting too rowdy. When they come back out, they are often more relaxed and ready for socializing at a more appropriate energy level.
Most of the time, puppies don’t realize they’re being too disruptive and crate time lets them know the behavior was not acceptable. When crate training is successful, puppies will retreat there on their own. Especially during times of duress, like thunderstorms or too many people, puppies feel familiar – and safe – in their crates.
Simple Tips for Crate Training
Crates can be immensely useful methods for training. For teaching sleep schedules, using time-outs, and especially timely housebreaking, crate training is indispensable. When puppies are resistant to the crate, or when you have a tough time with those puppy eyes, there are tips to ease the process. Here are a few ways to make crate training easier, and more successful, for you and your pup:
Never Keep the Dog Crated for Too Long
A general rule of thumb for crating dogs is to keep them crated for less than four to five hours. For puppies, however, this time should be reduced to suit their tiny puppy bladders – to about an hour at a time. As long as every release from the crate is paired with going outside for a potty break, the puppy will be housebroken very quickly. Giving treats at successful potty breaks is crucial to solidify the training.
Remember, the crate is primarily reserved for times you can’t watch your pup with undivided attention. If these times are frequent, you can always use the “umbilical cord” method by having him leashed to you for small periods. For example, if you need to do the dishes and have your back turned you can leash your pup to you for the duration. While leashed, you will be alerted if he attempts to go to the bathroom inside or chew on household objects.
If your pup begins showing anxiety about going into the crate, try shorter increments and gradually lengthen them. As he remains calmer for longer and longer, give him treats to reinforce being calm while in the crate. His anxiety will decrease, allowing him to spend longer amounts of time in the crate.
Make the Crate Cozy
When you first introduce your dog to his crate, he will likely be curious and a little wary. Making the crate as comfortable as possible will greatly reduce his wariness. Put in a few toys to keep his attention and reinforce his time in there. Toys that slowly release treats are ideal, and also a chew toy for his growing puppy teeth. Too many toys may overwhelm your pup, but two or three can go a long way towards making the crate alluring.
As soon as your pup is housebroken, put in some blankets to make the crate that much more cozy. Specifically include blankets that have your scent so your pup will feel less lonely. Over time, he will lay in his crate even when it’s open. Dogs tend to prefer dens, and if you make his crate a den he will fall in love with it.
Use Food to Promote Using the Crate
At first, whenever your pup goes inside the crate give him a treat. Once he is comfortable going inside his crate, you can start cutting back on treat dispersal as being in the crate will become its own reward. Doing so will lengthen the amount of time they will tolerate in the crate and further make it an enticing place to be.
Planning meal times around crate times will help him associate a positive reaction as well. Food is an extremely strong motivator for dogs. As long as you use healthy food developed for dogs and taper back over time, it’s a fantastic training tool.
The Bottom Line
If a pup is anxious about going into the crate, crate training will not be as successful. If he considers the crate a punishment, then he won’t use it as the sanctuary is was meant to be. There’s a fine line between hideout and punishment during this method, so here are additional tips for crate training just in case!