Good for Novice Owners:
- Average Size: Medium
- Average Lifespan: 8-13 years
Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog Dog Breed Information
Did You Know?
The Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog is a cross between a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and a Bernese Mountain Dog. Most of the time, the Mini Bernese Mountain Dog looks similar to its purebred counterpart just on a smaller scale. They make great family companions for owners who love the Berner look, but don’t have the space or capacity to care for a large dog breed.
Because this is a mixed breed, a Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog can take on the traits of either or both of their parent breeds. In general, a Mini Berner is friendly, sweet, intelligent, and obedient. With some of the most affectionate dog breeds as parents, they love people and crave human attention and affection.
Both of the parent breeds have a prey drive and an urge to chase, so they may not make a good candidate for being off-leash unless they are in a securely fenced-in area. They do tend to do well with pets in the household that they have been raised and socialized with.
Because they tend to be so friendly, provided they are well-socialized, they do not make good watchdogs or guard dogs. They may bark at a stray animal or stranger at the door, but they don’t tend to be overly noisy unless they have been trained into the habit. Overall, they are versatile, sturdy dogs that are loving and affectionate companions.
Due to their smaller size, Mini Bernese Moutain Dogs are highly adaptable dog breeds. They fit well into almost any environment, including apartments. Their thick coat serves them well in colder climates.
However, as with most dog breeds, they are sensitive to heat. Because they love company, they do not do well with a lot of alone time. So, it’s important to make this dog feel like an active and included part of the family.
A Mini Berner can inherit the health conditions common to either or both of their parent breeds. They can also sometimes “win the genetic lottery” and inherit none of them, but it’s not a guarantee and good breeding practices make a big difference in the health of Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog puppies.
Some health conditions to be aware of can include hip dysplasia, patellar luxation, mitral valve disease, syringomyelia, and elbow dysplasia. Reputable breeders will screen their dogs to ensure they are not passing preventable issues to puppies.
Make sure you ask the breeder about the health and genetic history of both parents. You can also ask about any health tests or clearances that have been done. Being open and transparent about their practices and more than happy to answer your questions are some qualities to look for in a great breeder.
Both the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and the Bernese Mountain Dog are intelligent dog breeds that are eager to please and highly trainable. This makes a Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog a good fit for owners of any experience level and one of the best dog breeds for first-time owners.
They are sensitive souls that bond closely with their owners and are sensitive to tone. So, they will respond best to dog training methods that are consistent, positive, and reward-focused. They do not tend to do well with harsh tones or corrections.
Most Mini Berners have the classic tri-color look of purebred Bernese Mountain Dogs. They will likely have a longer dog coat type that will need to be brushed a few times a week to remove tangles and prevent mats. You can also expect this dog to shed relatively regularly throughout the year with heavier seasonal shedding sessions.
Brushing more often during these times can help remove loose fur to keep your pup more comfortable. This also helps keep shedding contained to the brush instead of all over your house. A pin brush, a comb, and an undercoat rake are some good dog grooming brushes to have on hand. An occasional bath with one more often as needed will suffice for this pooch.
In addition to coat care, you will also need to trim your dog’s nails, care for their teeth, and check their ears. Nail trimming once or twice a month is usually sufficient to keep nails from getting too long and snagging on things or affecting movement. Floppy ears tend to trap dirt, debris, and moisture, which can lead to ear infections.
Because a Mini Bernese Mountain Dog has floppy ears, it’s important to check ears weekly and carefully clean them as needed. Proper dental care for dogs often includes brushing your dog’s teeth or using an enzyme toothpaste daily, getting cleanings at the vet when needed, implementing a dental health diet, and/or using dental chews.
Although this dog breed will not grow to be huge, it’s still a good idea to get your puppy used to having their mouth, paws, and ears handled. Getting them used to it early on and making sure it’s a positive experience will make grooming and general care much easier for both of you throughout your dog’s life.
A Miniature Bernese Mountain Dog has a moderate energy level. They are not a high-energy dog breed, but may have some bouts of intense playtime. They tend to play hard until they are tired and will be ready to go again after some naptime and rest.
A few daily walks plus playtime or another activity will ensure this dog gets plenty of exercise. Depending on what your pup ends up liking to do, they may enjoy going for a swim, going on a hike with you, playing a game of fetch, taking a trip to the dog park, or training for dog sports like agility or flyball. Just make sure you keep activities low impact until their bones and joints are done developing.
A fully-grown Mini Bernese Mountain Dog usually stands 17-22 inches tall at the shoulder and weighs 35-65 pounds.
Miniature Bernese Mountain Dogs generally live for 8-13 years on average.
Although the original cross for this breed is a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and a smaller Bernese Mountain Dog, there are now enough dogs and lines for multigenerational crosses. Miniature Bernese Dog puppies can also have two Mini Berners or a Mini Berner and a small Bernese Mountain Dog as parents.