- Activity Level: high
- Grooming Level: moderate
- Trainability: high
- Adaptability: high
- Kid/Pet Friendly: sometimes
- Average Size: Small
- Average Lifespan: 13-16 years
- Prey Drive: high
- Watchdog: very alert
- Registered?: aca, akc
Yorkshire Terrier Breed Profile
The Yorkshire Terrier originates from the UK township of Yorkshire where they get their namesake. In 1885, the American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized these small but expressive pups as part of the Toy Group. Yorkshire Terriers were first bred as “ratters” or dogs that could shimmy into small spaces to control rat populations. While they are now the most popular dog in the U.S. for being a wonderful companion, they haven’t lost their sense of adventure or determination.
This dog breed’s behavior is often described as loving and affectionate or stubborn and mischievous. It is best to begin training and socializing early to avoid any possible behavioral issues or bad habits. The Yorkshire Terrier is somewhat easy to train and has the average intelligence for a canine. However, Yorkies are small and they do need to be given frequent potty breaks while being trained. It may also be a good idea to get potty pads while your puppy is still learning. Be sure to also curb their barking when possible. Although they are small, their bark can be heard all over the neighborhood.
Yorkshire Terriers need plenty of love and affection from you and your loved ones. These terriers thrive in a loving family and will become extremely loyal over time. Yorkies can become very anxious and lonely when left alone for long stretches of time. This may make them destructive or difficult to train.
Be sure to socialize them immediately after adoption and work with them so they remain calm and collected no matter who is at the door. That being said, Yorkshire Terriers are known for being wonderful watchdogs. Since they are prone to barking, they will be able to alert you of a possible break-in or the squirrel sitting on the porch.
Yorkshire Terriers have large personalities that contrast their stature. They are very happy in any space as long as they are with their owner. As a toy breed, Yorkshire Terriers are wonderful for apartments or small homes. They do need moderate amounts of exercise in order to stay calm and keep your home looking neat and tidy.
The Yorkshire Terrier is generally healthy. They need moderate exercise and healthy food to keep them fit and happy. These dogs (as many other breeds) need nutritious food filled with vegetables, protein, and carbohydrates. They can be fed dry or wet food and should either be fed at east three times a day or free-fed throughout the day. This will keep their blood sugar levels steady.
These dogs are prone to hypoglycemia if they do not eat. Be sure to purchase a food they enjoy. Otherwise, you are putting your pup at risk. Yorkies can also suffer from eye disorders in their old age. Be sure to have regular vet checks that involve checking on your pooch’s eye health.
A Yorkshire Terrier is a good fit training-wise for a new or first-time owner. Yorkies are fairly easy to train and will be patient with their owner. Be sure to use positive reinforcement with them because they are sensitive and can become stubborn easily. For the best results, you should train your pup with the help of a local trainer. In doing so, you will have more confidence and knowledge and bond better with your dog during training sessions.
The Yorkie is somewhat hypoallergenic and rarely sheds. This is perfect for any dog lover with allergies or sinus issues. Your pooch will still need to have their teeth cleaned regularly, daily if possible, and will need to be bathed once a week. Brushing every day or every other day will help to keep your Yorkshire Terrier’s coat clean and healthy.
The Yorkshire Terrier is a high-energy dog breed that will need to get rid of excess energy. Keeping your Yorkie well-exercised helps them remain relaxed and will keep your home cleaner and less chaotic. Yorkshire Terriers do adore being snuggled after a long day, so make sure you leave some time open for cuddles. They will always be happy to relax on the couch after a walk or curl up with you and a good book.
Yorkies usually stand 8 to 9 inches tall and weigh 4 to 6 pounds.
A Yorkshire Terrier generally lives for 13 to 16 years.